Diagnosis

Flock History

A sudden onset of mortality in chickens between 2 and 8 weeks of age could indicate an IBDV infection. The presence of distinctive lesions in the bursa of Fabricus and accompanying blood spots in the musculature of the breast and thigh of affected chickens are strong indications.

bursas in Gumboro disease

Bursas from Left to Right:

  1. Acute stage. Enlarged oedematous bursa
  2. 5 days post infection bursa returns to normal size.
    May be haemorrhagic as in this specific bursa
  3. 8 days post infection bursa atrophied and up to 1/8 of normal size

Serology

A significant increase in the IBDV titres 2-3 weeks after a suspected Gumboro infection confirms a diagnosis.

Virus isolation

The organ of choice for viral isolation is the Bursa of Fabricus. Bursa collected from affected chickens can be frozen and then dispatched to a suitable laboratory for viral isolation. For viral growth bursa are macerated in an antibiotic treated broth, centrifuged and supernatant fluid inoculated onto the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of 9 to 11 day old embryos.